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Citing Research: Home

Citing Research adapted from, Colby College Libraries (current as of 11/8/16).

Recognize and overcome common pitfalls during the research and writing process that might lead to unintentionally appropriating someone else's words and ideas. 

Purdue OWL: Safe Practices

Purdue OWL: Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

Purdue’s much respected Online Writing Lab (OWL), offers a wealth of clear information about avoiding plagiarism and correctly using and formatting citations. These two pages may be particularly helpful in avoiding unintentional plagiarism.

Librarians and Faculty can help! Please don't hesitate to contact us.

Newbury Library Staff

Consult the tab above to see Newbury's statement on academic integrity.

What is Plagiarism in the Digital Age?

Watch this short video made by the staff at Boston University to learn more about plagiarism.  The lessons in the video can be applied to all colleges.

Mathematical Problems

Please check for specific guidelines with your professor. Some examples:  

If a study group works on assigned problems, each member of the group should write up the solution from scratch on their own without further consultation with the other members of the group. 

The solutions that you hand in must be your own work, not copied from someone else.  You should independently write mathematical solutions to the problems to be sure you understand the general principles as well as the specific answer

When In Doubt


  1. Talk to faculty about plagiarism.
  2. Bring it up in class
  3. Ask what form of citation to use (MLA? APA? Chicago? CSE?), as these vary from discipline to discipline.


See if you can explain your ideas to a friend without referring to your notes. If you can't, or if you find yourself using other people's language, you may need to increase your own understanding of the subject before writing the paper or giving the presentation. 

See for yourself!

Don't cite a source you haven't read, heard or viewed.

Use Zotero to Create Citations and Bibliographies

For more information click here, or the tab above.

Consult this eBook

Quotation Marks

 Use quotation marks in your notes to make it clear when you are using someone else's words or ideas.

Online Images

Images from the Web must be properly cited in any presentation, paper or electronic.

Considerations for Scientific Writing

Guidelines for referencing evidence in your assignments.
You should cite:

  1. The source of tables, statistics, diagrams, photographs, and other illustrations.
  2. When describing a theory, model, or practice associated with a particular writer.
  3. To give weight or credibility to an argument supported by you.
  4. When giving emphasis to a theory, model, or practice that has found some agreement or support among commentators.
  5. Direct quotations or definitions.
  6. When paraphrasing another person’s work, if not common knowledge, and that you feel is significant or may be subject to debate.

--Neville: Complete Guide to Referencing & Avoiding Plagiarism


Susan Lydon's picture
Susan Lydon
(617) 730-7071